Ethnoveterinary plants and practices used for ecto-parasite control in semi-arid smallholder farming areas of Zimbabwe

Conclusions: There are a variety of plants species that communities know of that can be used for livestock parasite control. However, the plant species are mostly used to complement commercial products when they are easily accessible. More work, is required to confirm the acaricidal properties claimed by the farmers in order to optimize and promote sustainable use of these plants.
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Naturally acquired sexual stage immunity, as detected by antibodies to Pfs230 and Pfs48/45, was present in most studies analyzed. Significant between-study heterogeneity was seen, and methodological factors were a major contributor to this, and prevented further analysis of epidemiological and biological factors. This demonstrates a need for standardized protocols for conducting and reporting seroepidemiological analyses.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Molecular Immunology, Volume 116Author(s): Bijara Devi Sanasam, Sanjeev KumarAbstractMalaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum is the most deadly and a major health issue worldwide. In spite of several control programs, there hasn’t been much improvement in keeping the disease under control. The appearance of drug resistant strains of Plasmodium in addition to insecticide resistance of the Anopheles vector has been a hurdle. Therefore, it is highly desirable to identify new potential candidates that can be targeted for therapeutic intervention. The present study identifies AMR1, a...
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This week's case was generously donated by Professor Agnes Kurniawan from the University of Indonesia. The following motile structure was reported to emerge from the anus of a man from rural Indonesia. He had no other gastrointestinal symptoms.You can see its subtle movement here:This structure was expressed from the submitted object:Identification?
Source: Creepy Dreadful Wonderful Parasites - Category: Parasitology Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, the present work adds new morphological and molecular information, emphasizing the importance of adopting integrative taxonomic approaches in studies of Acanthocephala.Graphical abstract
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Rogério F. de Jesus, Waléria Borges-Silva, Taynar L. Bezerra, Leane Q. Gondim, Rosângela S. Uzêda, Luís F.P. GondimAbstractSarcocystis neurona is the major cause of the equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) in the Americas and has opossums of the genus Didelphis as definitive hosts. Most isolates of Sarcocystis sp. shed by opossums in Brazil differ genetically from the known species of Sarcocystis. These Brazilian isolates behave similarly as Sarcocystis falcatula, which causes sarcocystosis in bi...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Authors: Ben-Harari RR Abstract Introduction: Infection with Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) causes the disease toxoplasmosis in humans and animals. Oral transmission alone may not explain the widespread distribution of this parasite over large species of host animals and geographic areas. Areas covered: Limited studies indicate the potential role of ticks in the distribution of T. gondii. The possibility of transmission of T. gondii has been demonstrated in Dermacentor variabilis, Dermacentor andersoni, Amblyomma americanum, Dermacentor reticulatus, Ixodes ricinus, Ixodes amblyomma, Amblyomma cajennense, Ornithodoru...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology, Volume 172Author(s): P. Wohlsein, H. Seibel, A. Beineke, W. Baumgärtner, U. SiebertSummaryHearing represents the major sense in harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) and impairment of hearing has a great impact on the survival of these animals. In this communication, some anatomical and histological aspects of the tympanoperiotic complex of harbour porpoises are presented. In addition, the ears of 21 incidentally bycaught or stranded freshly dead harbour porpoises of different age groups and sex were investigated histologically. At the entrance to...
Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Kailey Perez, Nathan Mullen, Jessica A. Canter, David H. Ley, Meghan MayAbstractThe avian pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is a known pathogen of poultry, and newly emerged pathogen of house finches wherein it is associated with lethal conjunctivitis. Factors present in MG that are known to mediate virulence include cytadherence, sialidase activity, peroxide production, and biofilm formation. We have quantitatively assessed these factors for MG isolates from house finches from a temporal and geographic distribution across the c...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Molecular and Biochemical ParasitologyAuthor(s): Felicity E. Lumb, Jenny Crowe, James Doonan, Colin J. Suckling, Colin Selman, Margaret M. Harnett, William HarnettAbstractOne of the most rapidly increasing human public health problems is obesity, whose sequelae like type-2 diabetes, represent continuously worsening, life-long conditions. Over the last 15 years, data have begun to emerge from human and more frequently, mouse studies, that support the idea that parasitic worm infection can protect against this condition. We have therefore investigated the potential of...
Source: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
We examined these roles in the immune responses against Plasmodium chabaudi infection using the Il-27ra−/− mice. While IL-27 was expressed at high levels during the early phase of the infection, enhanced CD4+ T cell function and reduction in parasitemia were observed mainly during the chronic phase in the mutant mice. In mice infected with P. chabaudi and cured with drug, CD4+ T cells in the Il-27ra−/− mice exhibited enhanced CD4+ T-cell responses, indicating the inhibitory role of IL-27 on the protective immune responses. To determine the role of IL-27 in detail, we performed CD4+ T-cell transfer e...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
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