A comparative ethno-botanical study of Cholistan (an arid area) and Pothwar (a semi-arid area) of Pakistan for traditional medicines

Conclusion: The investigation revealed that the local people of study areas inherit a rich traditional knowledge but there is great danger of losing this wealth of knowledge in the near future. Documentation of the knowledge exclusively from desert area of Cholistan, Pakistan is unique information in its nature. The study presents the undocumented knowledge worth recognition that will not only help in conservation of medicinal plant species but will highlight the pharmacological capacity for improved human healthcare regarding many common ailments.
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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In this study, we detected for just the second time a SINV infection in a diseased wild bird (common wood pigeon) from Central Europe. SINV was isolated by cell culture and the complete SINV genome sequence was determined. Phylogenetic analyses revealed a close affiliation to SINV genotype I with a high similarity to human isolate sequences from Finland, Sweden and Russia. The isolate was genetically distinct from the first avian isolate suggesting the circulation of at least two different SINV strains in Germany.In order to reveal the infection frequency in SINV positive mosquito regions 749 bird blood samples were assaye...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsInformation on returning travellers, includes ensuring that the patients receive supervised treatment with the recommended dose of a quality controlled medicine, routine follow-up of all cases, assessment of adequate absorption of the drug, and/or testing the prevalence of molecular markers of drug resistance if validated, can be an important source of an early warning system for emerging resistance.
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract As an endemic primate species with one of the highest priorities in wildlife conservation in China, Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) have undergone a sharp decline and range reduction in recent centuries. Here, we used maximum entropy modelling (MaxEnt) integrated with four types of environmental variables, including three biological climate variables (Bio17, precipitation of the driest quarter; Bio6, min. temperature of the coldest month; and Bio2, mean diurnal range), three topographic variables (altitude, slope, and aspect), two anthropogenic variables (Human Footprint Index and hum...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
Conclusion: Taken together, anti-gal titers detected through Gal2 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay can serve as an effective diagnostic tool in disease elimination setting and help in better case management in endemic districts.
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions/SignificanceThe results of this meta-analysis do not support the hypothesis that community-wide treatment is more effective than targeted treatment at reducing schistosomiasis infections in children. This may be due to the relatively small number of included studies, insufficient treatment coverage, persistent infection hotspots and unmeasured confounders. Further field-based studies comparing mass and targeted treatment are required.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2019Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and EvolutionAuthor(s): Ma Ángeles Alonso, Alicia Vicente, Manuel B. CrespoAbstractBiscutella ser. Biscutella (≡ ser. Lyratae Malin.) is a group of mostly annual or short-lived perennial plants, with petals gradually tapering at the base and lateral intrastaminal nectaries, endemic to the Mediterranean basin and the Middle East. Recent taxonomic work has revealed that a relative morphological homogeneity occurs in Europe and Asia, but a high plasticity in found in N Africa for most of the characters traditionally used for taxonom...
Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Phytochemistry, Volume 169Author(s): Wei Jiang, Juan Xiong, Yi Zang, Junmin Li, Ezzat E.A. Osman, Jing-Ya Li, Yu-Bo Zhou, Jia Li, Jin-Feng HuAbstractA phytochemical investigation on the MeOH extract of the twigs and needles of the endangered plant Picea brachytyla led to the isolation and characterization of thirty-eight structurally diverse terpenoids. Seven of these molecules are previously undescribed, including three abietane-type (brachytylins A–C) and one labdane-type (brachytylin D) diterpenoids, an unseparated C-24 epimeric mixture of cycloartane-type triterpenoids (brach...
Source: Phytochemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
o-Ayerdi SG Abstract Functional foods have been used worldwide since ancient times, particularly, the prehispanic civilizations used several plants as medicinal foods. Nowadays many Mexicans populations preserve their traditions and dietary patterns based on corn, beans, besides other endemic vegetables, mainly diverse varieties of chili, tomatoes and other plant-foods. It is well known that each species has a special complex mixture of bioactive compounds (BC) in which each component contributes to its overall bioactivity. These BC are plant metabolites that benefit human health by means of anti-inflammatory, imm...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Amer J Perinatol DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1697670In 2000, the United States had effectively eliminated endemic measles. Unfortunately, due to misinformation and non-scientific based concerns, the rate of measles vaccination has declined. The United States is in the midst of its largest outbreak of measles since 2014, with 1,095 confirmed cases as of June 2019. The reasons for the re-emergence of measles and what this epidemic illustrates about the anti-vaccine culture in the United States are explored in this article. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table ...
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Momena Habib, Tahir Yaqub, Aziz-ul-Rahman, Tayyebah Sohail, Muhammad Shahbaz, Wasim Shehzad, Muhammad Munir, Muhammad Zubair ShabbirAbstractNewcastle disease (ND), caused by Avian orthoavulavirus 1 (AOAV-1), affects multiple avian species around the globe. Frequent disease outbreaks are not uncommon even in vaccinates despite routine vaccination and, in this regards, viruses of diverse genotypes originating from natural reservoirs (migratory waterfowls) play an important role in a disease endemic setting. Though genomic characterizati...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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