Elastin fragmentation in atherosclerotic mice leads to intraplaque neovascularization, plaque rupture, myocardial infarction, stroke, and sudden death

Conclusions Elastin fragmentation plays a key role in plaque destabilization and rupture. ApoE–/–Fbn1C1039G+/– mice represent a unique model of acute plaque rupture with human-like complications.
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 1 September 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Deepak L Bhatt, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Shamir R Mehta, Lawrence A Leiter, Tabassome Simon, Kim Fox, Claes Held, Marielle Andersson, Anders Himmelmann, Wilhelm Ridderstråle, Jersey Chen, Yang Song, Rafael Diaz, Shinya Goto, Stefan K James, Kausik K Ray, Alexander N Parkhomenko, Mikhail N Kosiborod, Darren K McGuire, Robert A HarringtonSummaryBackgroundPatients with stable coronary artery disease and diabetes with previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), particularly those with previous stenting, are at high risk of ischaemic even...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular di...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
A 60-something presented with hypotension, bradycardia, chest pain and back pain.She had a h/o aortic aneurysm, aortic insufficiency, peripheral vascular disease, and hypertension.  She had a mechanical aortic valve.  She was on anti-hypertensives including atenolol, and on coumadin, with an INR of 2.3. She was ill appearing.  BP was 70/49, pulse 60.A bedside echo showed good ejection fraction and normal right ventricle and no pericardial fluid. Here is the initial ECG:What do you think?This ECG actually looks like a left main occlusion (which rarely presents to the ED alive):  ST Elevation in...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Authors: You J, Wang X, Wu J, Gao L, Wang X, Du P, Liu H, Li J, Wang Y, Liang Y, Guo W, Zhang Q Abstract Background: We aimed to investigate the predictors and prognosis of left ventricular thrombus (LVT) in patients admitted for post-myocardial infarction (MI) and left ventricular dysfunction after contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: We prospectively enrolled 267 consecutive post-MI patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 August 2018Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Marco Valgimigli, Enrico Frigoli, Sergio Leonardi, Pascal Vranckx, Martina Rothenbühler, Matteo Tebaldi, Ferdinando Varbella, Paolo Calabrò, Stefano Garducci, Paolo Rubartelli, Carlo Briguori, Giuseppe Andó, Maurizio Ferrario, Ugo Limbruno, Roberto Garbo, Paolo Sganzerla, Filippo Russo, Marco Nazzaro, Alessandro Lupi, Bernardo CorteseSummaryBackgroundThe Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by Transradial Access Site and Systemic Implementation of Angiox (MATRIX) programme was designed to assess the comparative safety and eff...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionIn patients with RSNOFC, CEA may be considered a potential treatment option. Although procedural risks in this small subgroup may be higher as compared to patients with low-to-moderate risk anatomy, this risk may outbalance the natural course.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Sonothrombolysis appears to be a safe way to augment the effect of tPA without increasing the door to needle time with the added advantage of observing flow through the occluded artery in real time.
Source: Neurology India - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Both hemorrhagic and ischemic cerebrovascular events are rare but serious complications after acute myocardial infarction (MI) and coronary angiography / percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The most threatening one is intracranial hemorrhage related to antiplatelet and antithrombotic treatment of acute MI. In up to 10% of patients with acute MI ischemic stroke can result from embolisation of intraventricular or intraatrial thrombi [1]. It may occur within the first 2weeks, but also as early as in the first 24h.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Background and Purpose— Both intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and brain edema have been attributed to reperfusion after intravenous thrombolysis. We explored the interaction of recanalization and core size for imaging outcomes (ICH and vasogenic brain edema). Methods— In patients with anterior circulation occlusion given intravenous thrombolysis 2 s and relative cerebral blood flow 2 s). CT and CT angiography at 24 hours were reviewed for ICH (European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study [ECASS]-2 definition), early vasogenic edema (third International Stroke Trial [IST-3] criteria), and recanalization (thrombolysis ...
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
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