Suicidal Intent and Method of Self-Harm: A Large-scale Study of Self-Harm Patients Presenting to a General Hospital.

In conclusion, certain methods of self-harm, particularly dangerous methods of self-injury and self-poisoning with gas, were associated with high intent and should alert clinicians to potential higher risk of suicide. However, apart from use of gas, suicidal intent cannot be inferred from type of drugs used for self-poisoning. PMID: 25916308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Suicide Life Threat Behav Source Type: research

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In this study, molecularly imprinted photonic crystal (MIPC) sensor was prepared by combining molecular imprinting with photonic crystal templates and tested towards the detection of α-amanitin. In this process, synthesized moiety of α-amanitin was utilized as template, dispersed SiO2 colloidal photonic crystal as carrier, methacrylic acid (MAA) as functional monomer, and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDGMA) as crosslinker. The adsorption behavior of MIPC towards α-amanitin in ethanol solution showed shifts in diffraction peaks of MIPC upon binding with α-amanitin molecules. The reflection peak wa...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Affective disturbances have long been implicated in the onset and maintenance of problematic alcohol use. Affective risk theory for problem drinking has moved beyond early documentation that negative affect, broadly, confers risk to models spec...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Socially marginalised drug users when congregating in the public space on so-called 'open drug scenes' are often problematised, especially in post-industrial cities which increasingly are engaged in attempts to attract those that are considered...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Poor cognitive abilities and low intellectual quotient (IQ) are associated with an increased risk of suicide attempts and suicide mortality. However, knowledge of how this association develops across the life-course is limited. Our study aims t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study examines associations between adolescent problem behaviors and adolescent-parent disagreement in ratings of adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms. Adolescent-parent dyads (N = 463; mean age = 12.68 years; 48.5% female; 78.2% White and 21.8%...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
According to the latest numbers, roughly 9 million Americans — 4% of U.S. adults — use prescription sleep aids, or medications that can help with insomnia and other sleep issues. And now, some of the most popular prescription sleep drugs must carry stronger safety warnings. In April, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated black-box warnings — which the agency uses to “call attention to serious or life-threatening risks” — on three sedative-hypnotic sleep aids: eszopiclone (often sold under the brand name Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata) and zolpidem (Ambien). Hypnotic drugs, which ar...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: The most common cause of sudden death was suicide, which was overwhelmingly the leading cause of sudden death in patients discharged or lost to follow up. The most potent predisposing factor appeared to be drug and alcohol problems. Mental health services should therefore advocate for comprehensive and evidence-based alcohol and drug policies, including access and availability to treatment programmes. PMID: 30543613 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
A 55-year-old right-handed man presented with a history of rapidly progressive apathy and behavior changes, speech loss, bladder and bowel incontinence, and gait loss in the previous month. He had been diagnosed with depression 7 months before and tried to commit suicide with carbon monoxide poisoning 2 months before, needing treatment in a hyperbaric chamber, with a good recovery. He had no history of other comorbidities and an unremarkable family history. At the first neurologic evaluation at our department, he presented with marked apathy and mutism, pseudobulbar affect, marked frontal release signs, generalized rigidit...
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Parkinson's disease/Parkinsonism, Executive function, All Cognitive Disorders/Dementia, Assessment of cognitive disorders/dementia RESIDENT AND FELLOW SECTION Source Type: research
Suicide, as a self-harming behavior, is an important cause of death around the world [1]. It was the 15th leading cause of death for all ages (1.4% of all deaths) worldwide in 2012, accounting for over 800,000 estimated deaths [2]. The age standardized rate of suicide was 11.4 per 100,000 and 80% of global suicide occurs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) [3]. There are several methods of committing suicide, including poisoning, hanging, drug or alcohol overdose, gun shot, exsanguination, jumping, suffocation and carbon monoxide inhalation.
Source: Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: HBOT is associated with a lower mortality rate in patients with COP, especially in those who were younger than 20 years and those with acute respiratory failure. The results provide important references for decision making in the treatment of COP. PMID: 28427969 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
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