Web-based prediction of antimicrobial resistance in enterococcal clinical isolates by whole-genome sequencing

AbstractBesides phenotypic antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST), whole genome sequencing (WGS) is a promising alternative approach for detection of resistance phenotypes. The aim of this study was to investigate the concordance between WGS-based resistance prediction and phenotypic AST results for enterococcal clinical isolates using a user-friendly online tools and databases. A total of 172 clinical isolates (34E. faecalis, 138E. faecium) received at the French National Reference Center for enterococci from 2017 to 2020 were included. AST was performed by disc diffusion or MIC determination for 14 antibiotics according to CA-SFM/EUCAST guidelines. The genome of all strains was sequenced using the Illumina technology (MiSeq) with bioinformatic analysis from raw reads using online tools ResFinder 4.1 and LRE-finder 1.0. For bothE. faecalis andE. faecium, performances of WGS-based genotype to predict resistant phenotypes were excellent (concordance  >  90%), particularly for antibiotics commonly used for treatment of enterococcal infections such as ampicillin, gentamicin, vancomycin, teicoplanin, and linezolid. Note that 100% very major errors were found for quinupristin-dalfopristin, tigecycline, and rifampicin for which resistance mutations a re not included in databases. Also, it was not possible to predict phenotype from genotype for daptomycin for the same reason. WGS combined with online tools could be easily used by non-expert clinical microbiologists as a r...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research