Cardiovascular disease in human immunodeficiency virus-infection as a cause of hospitalization: a case-series in a General Hospital in Peru.

CONCLUSIONS: Cardiovascular disease is an important cause of hospitalization in Peruvian human immunodeficiency virus patients, with differences between immunosuppression stages. Further studies analyzing associated factors are warranted. PMID: 25892316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research

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Authors: MacKeigan DT, Ni T, Shen C, Stratton TW, Ma W, Zhu G, Bhoria P, Ni H Abstract Platelets are small blood cells known primarily for their ability to adhere and aggregate at injured vessels to arrest bleeding. However, when triggered under pathological conditions, the same adaptive mechanism of platelet adhesion and aggregation may cause thrombosis, a primary cause of heart attack and stroke. Over recent decades, research has made considerable progress in uncovering the intricate and dynamic interactions that regulate these processes. Integrins are heterodimeric cell surface receptors expressed on all metazoa...
Source: Cardiovascular and Hematological Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Cardiovasc Hematol Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
ConclusionDiscontinuing ASA after short-term use for the treatment of patients with T2DM following PCI was not associated with any increased cardiovascular outcomes. Also, discontinuing ASA after short-term use and continuing the use of a P2Y12 inhibitor were somewhat safer in these patients with T2DM. Further research should follow.
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe H-REPLACE trial offers an opportunity to assess clinical outcomes of rivaroxaban versus enoxaparin during the acute phase of ACS and may provide an alternative anticoagulation strategy for ACS patients, who missed the primary reperfusion therapy window and before selective revascularization.Trial; NCT03363035.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Telemedicine reduced the delay time of STEMI patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. The difference in short-term adverse clinical outcomes was not statistically significant between patients who used the app and those who did not. PMID: 32938901 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In our study of mild to moderate ischemic stroke patients, high activity levels of FXI and FVIII but not FXII were associated with worse vascular outcomes in the three-year period after first ischemic stroke. PMID: 32935900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: J Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
Authors: Martinod K, Deppermann C Abstract Platelets are increasingly being recognized for playing roles beyond thrombosis and hemostasis. Today we know that they mediate inflammation by direct interactions with innate immune cells or secretion of cytokines/chemokines. Here we review their interactions with neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages in infection and sepsis, stroke, myocardial infarction and venous thromboembolism. We discuss new roles for platelet surface receptors like GPVI or GPIb and also look at platelet contributions to the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) as well as to deep vein ...
Source: Platelets - Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesThe OVID study will demonstrate whether prophylactic-dose enoxaparin improves survival and reduces hospitalizations in symptomatic ambulatory patients aged 50 or older diagnosed with COVID-19, a novel viral disease characterized by severe systemic, pulmonary, and vessel inflammation and coagulation activation.Trial designThe OVID study is conducted as a multicentre open-label superiority randomised controlled trial.ParticipantsInclusion Criteria1. Signed patient informed consent after being fully informed about the study ’s background.2. Patients aged 50 years or older with a positive test for SARS-...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractCompared with Caucasian patients, East Asian patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have demonstrated better clinical outcomes. We sought to compare the viscoelastic properties of clot formation and their impact on clinical outcomes in East Asian vs. Caucasian patients. We analyzed age- and sex-matched East Asian and Caucasian patients with stable CAD (n  = 249 each). Viscoelastic properties of clot formation were assessed with thromboelastography (TEG), and 3-year clinical outcomes were recorded. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, myoc...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Abstract Platelet activation plays a pivotal role in physiological hemostasis and pathological thrombosis causing heart attack and stroke. Previous studies conclude that simultaneous activation of Gi and G12/13 signaling pathways is sufficient to cause platelet aggregation. However, using Gq knockout mice and Gq-specific inhibitors, we here demonstrated that platelet aggregation downstream of coactivation of Gi and G12/13 depends on agonist concentrations; coactivation of Gi and G12/13 pathways only induces platelet aggregation under higher agonist concentrations. We confirmed Gi and G12/13 pathway activation by s...
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
ConclusionIn patients with ACS undergoing PCI, both prasugrel and ticagrelor were associated with similar cardiovascular outcomes and adverse bleeding events.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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