Immunity of two novel hepatitis C virus polyepitope vaccines

In this study, we constructed recombinant pET vectors: pET-R9-Bp (B cell polyepitopes) expressing 7 epitopes from HCV E1 and E2 proteins including R9 (E2384-411aa)-Bp (E1313-327aa-E2396-424aa-E2436-447aa-E2523-540aa-E2610-627aa-E2631-648aa) and pET-LTB-R9-Bp expressing LTB adjuvant in combination with R9-Bp. Recombinant proteins R9-Bp and LTB-R9-Bp were expressed successfully in E. coli and purified by the Ni-NTA column. Both R9-Bp and LTB-R9-Bp in BALB/c mice induced robust humoral immune response in the context of intraperitoneal or intramuscular immunization but not oral immunization. Intraperitoneal administration of LTB-R9-Bp induced a higher antibody titer (peak titer: 1:341000) than that of R9-Bp (peak titer: 1:85000) after the second boost (P = 0.0036 or 0.0002). However, comparable antibody peak titers were elicited for both R9-Bp and LTB-R9-Bp in intramuscular immunization albeit with significant difference (P = 0.0032) a week after the second boost. In addition, both R9-Bp and LTB-R9-Bp induced the secretion of cytokines including IFN-γ and IL-4 at similar levels. anti-sera induced by both R9-Bp and LTB-R9-Bp recognized native HCV E1 and E2 proteins. Moreover, these HCV-specific antisera inhibited significantly the entry of HCV (P < 0.0001). Taken together, these findings showed that E. coli-based both R9-Bp and LTB-R9-Bp could become promising HCV vaccines.PMID:36150975 | DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.09.020
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research