Anesthesia and pain management during pregnancy.

[Anesthesia and pain management during pregnancy]. Anaesthesist. 2015 Apr 16; Authors: Ninke T, Thoma-Jennerwein S, Blunk J, Annecke T Abstract During the perioperative and postoperative care of pregnant women it is prudent to pay close attention to the changed physiology of these patients. The main principles of care are the preservation of maternal and fetal homeostasis as well as avoidance of any substances with toxic effects on the fetus. In order to provide pregnant patients with good quality care, all relevant disciplines should be involved as early as possible. Modern anesthetic drugs can be used as they seem to be without teratogenic effects. Adequate perioperative surveillance and assessment of the fetus is also important.The mainstay of pain management during pregnancy is the World Health Organization (WHO) pain ladder. It is of the utmost importance to use only substances without teratogenic or fetotoxic properties. Considering non-opioid drugs, the use of paracetamol is a viable option, whereas non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) should only be used with rigorous restrictions. Tramadol is a first-line drug when using opioids with low potency, whereas morphine can be used as an opioid with a higher potency after careful consideration of the risk-benefit ratio. If possible anticonvulsives should not be used as an adjunct in pain management during pregnancy. The use of thoroughly investigated antidepressants seems to be a better altern...
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research

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Women are being disproportionately affected by the opioid crisis, including during pregnancy. Pain and other vulnerabilities to addiction differ between men and women. Management of opioid use disorder should be gender informed and accessible across the lifespan. During pregnancy, care teams should be multidisciplinary to include obstetrics, addiction, social work, anesthesia, pediatrics, and behavioral health. Pain management for women with opioid use disorder requires tailored approaches, including integration of trauma-informed care and addressing psychosocial needs. Thus, coordinated continued care by obstetric and add...
Source: Clinics in Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractEpidural maintenance technique for labour analgesia updates constantly. Thanks to infusion pumps, the recently developed programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) may reduce the use of anesthetic drugs and minimize unintended consequences such as cardio or neurotoxicity. Nevertheless, it is not yet a general practice. So far, there are no comparative studies in the literature that address levobupivacaine-based CEI  + PCEA versus CEI + PIEB + PCEA. A randomized double-blind trial was carried out to evaluate if PIEB could reduce local anesthetic use compare to PCEA. Primi...
Source: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
We report a case of a parturient with intense central poststroke pain after an ischemic cerebrovascular incident at 15 weeks of gestation, attributed to cerebral venous thrombosis. After a multidisciplinary team consultation, she was scheduled for cesarean delivery at 35 weeks of gestation, under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia. Due to severe left-sided neurological deficits and ipsilateral intense neuropathic pain, the neuraxial technique was successfully performed using the paramedian approach.
Source: A&A Case Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Abstract Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the safe application of electricity to the scalp of a patient, using brief-pulse stimulation techniques under general anesthesia and muscle paralysis, inducing a series of generalized epileptic seizures. Principal indications for ECT are major depression (unipolar or bipolar) with a lack of response to medications, intolerance to medications due to side effects or coexisting conditions, the need for a rapid response because of other conditions such as catatonia, psychosis, suicidality, or clinically significant dehydration or malnutrition, mania, and schizophreniform dis...
Source: Journal of Nippon Medical School - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: J Nippon Med Sch Source Type: research
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Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
The objective of this review is to analyze and summarize the current anesthetic methods used to alleviate pain and discomfort during transvaginal oocyte retrieval procedures (TORP), to try to reach practical recommendations, based on the evidence, which will translate into daily practice, the knowledge on the anesthetic management of patients scheduled for TORP. Recent findings There is no strong evidence to recommend the avoidance of any technique or drug for TORP, including nitrous oxide or halogenated agents. Women should be offered any available technique. The evidence available up to date is not convincing enough t...
Source: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: OBSTETRIC AND GYNECOLOGICAL ANESTHESIA: Edited by Emilia Guasch and Manuel Wenk Source Type: research
Conclusions: Magnesium sulfate is an important adjuvant drug in the practice of anesthesia, with several clinical effects and a low incidence of adverse events when used at recommended doses. Introduction Magnesium is the fourth most common ion in the body, and it participates in several cellular processes, including protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability of nucleic acid, as well as regulating other electrolytes such as calcium and sodium. Magnesium acts as a cofactor in protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability and the function of nucleic acids. It is a component of adenosine 5-triph...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
This article reviews several controversial aspects of management of nonobstetric surgery during pregnancy, including the optimal timing for nonurgent surgery, when to perform intraoperative fetal monitoring, modifications to anesthetic techniques to account for the physiologic changes of pregnancy, and management of maternal cardiac arrest.Recent FindingsThere have been several advances in the management of nonobstetric surgery during pregnancy, including the increased use of laparoscopic techniques, an improved understanding of the importance of adequate pain management, and new initiatives to improve the maternal cardiac...
Source: Current Anesthesiology Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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