Changes of gene expression of Gal3, Hsp27, Lcn2, and Timp1 in rat substantia nigra following medial forebrain bundle transection using a candidate gene microarray

Publication date: Available online 6 April 2015 Source:Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy Author(s): Yoon-Jung Choy , Sung-Young Hong , Sang-Jin Pack , Ran-Sook Woo , Tai-Kyoung Baik , Dae-Yong Song Neuroinflammation is an early event and important contributor to the pathobiology of neurodegenerative diseases. Neuroglia, especially microglia, are a major central nervous system population that can modulate neuroinflammation. To determine potential key molecules in this process, we employed microarray analysis in the substantia nigra (SN) following medial forebrain bundle (MFB) transection and analyzed the temporal expression profiles of candidate genes implicated in neuroglial activation and functional maturation. The DNA microarray analyzed, 8913 probes. Sixty nine genes were up-regulated and 11 genes were down-regulated at least twofold compared to normal control. Of the 80 genes, 23 were related to cell metabolism, 3 related to apoptosis, 27 related to immunity. Among them, 4 genes (Galectin 3, Heat shock protein 27, Lipocalin 2, Tissue inhibitory metalloproteinase 1) seemed to be related to the neuroglial function. The candidate genes were subjected to quantitative real-time PCR, Western blotting, and immunohistochemical approaches. Expression changes similar to the microarray were evident. In a double immunofluorescence assay, Galectin 3 almost completely co-localized with OX6-positive activated microglia, and Heat shock protein 27 mainly co-localized with glial fibrillar...
Source: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The concept of soldier-centered care often emerges in discussions about optimal physical performance and medical readiness for soldiers. Although soldier-centered care and patient-centered care have similar conceptual underpinning, it is important to clarify the unique physical and medical requirements for soldiers that differentiate soldier-centered care from patient-centered care. Implementing the defining attributes of soldier-centered care in the U.S. Army primary care setting may improve the quality of care and health outcomes for soldiers. When defining performance metrics for primary care models of care...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Waller SG Abstract Three important but neglected principles of evaluation of global health engagement missions are stakeholder engagement, impact, and relative value. Implementing better M&E programs could be carried out in this fiscal year, without new appropriations or manpower. The result would be cost savings and improved security cooperation. PMID: 31942621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Guodong Zhao, Yong Ma, Hui Li, Shiming Li, Yun Zhu, Xiaoyu Liu, Shangmin Xiong, Yi Liu, Jin Miao, Sujuan Fei, Minxue Zheng, Xiangwei ZhaoAbstractBackgroundMethylated SFRP2 was previously reported as a non-invasive biomarker for colorectal cancer (CRC) detection with a relatively low sensitivity for early stage CRC. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of a new plasma based CRC screening assay, SpecColon test, which tested methylated SFRP2 and SDC2 simultaneously in a single qPCR reaction, in detecting CRC and advan...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: MHR may be a significant and independent predictor of poor functional outcome in patients with AIS. PMID: 31941849 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Audiology - Category: Audiology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Ieda N, Assadullah, Minabe S, Ikegami K, Watanabe Y, Sugimoto Y, Sugimoto A, Kawai N, Ishii H, Inoue N, Uenoyama Y, Tsukamura H Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that kisspeptin neurons in the arcuate nucleus (ARC), which coexpress neurokinin B and dynorphin, are involved in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)/luteinizing hormone (LH) pulse generation, while the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) kisspeptin neurons are responsible for GnRH/LH surge generation. The present study aims to examine whether GnRH(1-5), a GnRH metabolite, regulates LH release via kisspeptin neurons. GnRH(1-5) was...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
In conclusion, caffeine decreased oxidative stress and adipogenesis in GO orbital fibroblasts in vitro. These findings may contribute to the development of new types of caffeine-containing pharmacological agents for use in the management of GO. PMID: 31941844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
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Source: Early Education and Development - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Applied Developmental Science - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Applied Developmental Science - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
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