2015 NIMH Autism Awareness Month Special Lecture

Audio PodcastPresented by: Kevin Pelphrey, Ph.D., Harris Professor in the Child Study Center and Professor of Psychology; Director of the Yale Center for Translational Developmental Neuroscience, Yale School of MedicineAired date: 4/6/2015 2:00:00 PM
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: Journals (General) Tags: Podcasts Source Type: video

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ConclusionsWe conclude that mechanisms driving OA (which is defined as ‘impaired visually guided movement’) may underpin severe motor impairment, in autism. CVIS and VMIS may be useful indicators of severity of spatial cognitive impairment.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Low levels of placental hormone, alloprenanolone, may affect foetal brain development and increase autism risk, according to research presented at the Neuroscience 2019 annual meeting in Chicago.New Atlas 
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Melissa M. Meeking, Derrick F. MacFabe, Jennifer R. Mepham, Kelly A. Foley, Lisa J. Tichenoff, Francis H. Boon, Martin Kavaliers, Klaus-Peter OssenkoppAbstractAutism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a set of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by abnormal social interactions, impaired language, and stereotypic and repetitive behaviours. Among genetically susceptible subpopulations, gut and dietary influences may play a role in etiology. Propionic acid (PPA), produced by enteric gut bacteria,...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Translational Psychiatry, Published online: 21 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41398-019-0608-1Maternal valproic acid exposure leads to neurogenesis defects and autism-like behaviors in non-human primates
Source: Translational Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
This study therefore sought to investigate whether the autism/transgender overlap confers an increased risk of depression or anxiety. An online study of 727 individuals revealed a substantial overlap between transgender identity and autism, with increased autistic traits found in trans men compared to trans women. Depression and anxiety were highest in autistic-trans individuals, but no superadditive effect was observed. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the wider healthcare system.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionModification of standard anxiety interventions are common in practice but the course and nature of these modifications are inconsistent and may depend on practitioner experience. Practitioners may consistently have to think inventively in order to best serve adults with autism and anxiety. Current anxiety measures could be improved in order to accurately gauge anxiety, specific to adults with autism. These findings are discussed in relation to practice and future research.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract We used an online survey to gather perspectives of autistic youth (n = 248) on the impacts of autism, school professionals, family members, and peers on their high school experiences; what each stakeholder group could have done better; and what future high school professionals and autistic youth should know. Two-thirds of participants viewed autism as negatively impacting their school experience, and this was more prevalent in women. The majority viewed impacts of school professionals, family, and peers as positive. Women were more likely to view school professional contributions as positive...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Abstract Autistic individuals often present atypicalities in adaptation-the continuous recalibration of perceptual systems driven by recent sensory experiences. Here, we examined such atypicalities in human biological motion. We used a dual-task paradigm, including a running-speed discrimination task ('comparing the speed of two running silhouettes') and a change-detection task ('detecting fixation-point shrinkages') assessing attention. We tested 19 school-age autistic and 19 age- and ability-matched typical participants, also recording eye-movements. The two groups presented comparable speed-discrimination abili...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Abstract The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is increasing worldwide. We investigated the economic burden of ASD in South Korea using a nationally representative data source. The direct medical and non-medical costs, and indirect costs resulting from ASD were estimated. The total prevalence was 5.04 (per 100,000) in 2008, and 10.97 in 2015. The economic cost of ASD was estimated to be $2,700,596 in 2008 and $9,645,503 in 2015. Of the total economic cost in 2015, 72.3% was from direct costs and 27.7% from indirect costs, and 87.5% related to male patients and 12.5% to female patients. The results sugge...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 6, Issue 11Author(s): Jong Yeob Kim, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Jae Il Shin
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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