Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Seeds as a Reservoir of Endophytic Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria

This study aimed to isolate, identify and characterize culturable endophytic bacteria from chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seeds. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rDNA showed that the endophytic bacteria belong to the genera Mesorhizobium, Burkholderia, Bacillus, Priestia, Paenibacillus, Alcaligenes, Acinetobacter, Rahnella, Enterobacter, Tsukamurella, and Microbacterium. The most frequently observed genus was Bacillus; however, rhizobia typically associated with chickpea roots were also found, which is a novel finding of this study. Siderophore production and phosphorus solubilization were the most widespread plant growth-promoting features, while hydrogen cyanide production was relatively rare among the isolates. Most of the isolates possess two or more plant growth-promoting features; however, only Bacillus thuringiensis Y2B, a well-known entomopathogenic bacteria, exhibited the presence of all plant growth-promoting traits evaluated. Results suggest that endophytic bacteria such as Bacillus, Mesorhizobium, and Burkholderia may be vertically transferred from inoculated plants to seeds to benefit the next generation.PMID:35907956 | DOI:10.1007/s00284-022-02942-1
Source: Current Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research