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Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 11 August 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Weiwei Yuan, Hui Sun, Li Yu
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Abstract In 2006, we established a scar/keloid-specialized institution in the Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery at Nippon Medical School (NMS) in Tokyo, Japan. In the ensuing 15 years, we treated approximately 2000 new scar/keloid patients annually. This extensive experience has greatly improved the efficacy of the treatments we offer. Therefore, we discuss here the latest NMS protocol for preventing and treating keloids and hypertrophic scars. While this protocol was optimized for Japanese patients, our experiences with a growing body of international patients suggest that it is also ef...
Source: Journal of Nippon Medical School - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: J Nippon Med Sch Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Triple therapy using surgery plus radiation and/or TAC as one of the adjuvant treatment modalities may achieve the lowest recurrence rates for keloids.
Source: Dermatologic Surgery - Category: Dermatology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
BACKGROUND The 1,064-nm neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser (Cutera, Inc., Brisbane, CA) and steroid tape (fludroxycortide tape) have been used to treat keloids and hypertrophic scars. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of contact-mode 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser therapy and steroid tape for hypertrophic cesarean-section scars versus conservative therapy (steroid tape only). MATERIALS AND METHODS A medical record review identified 40 consecutive Japanese patients who had hypertrophic scars (total Japan Scar Workshop Scar Scale [JSS] 2015 evaluation scores of 9 to 12) for more than 1 year after a vertic...
Source: Dermatologic Surgery - Category: Dermatology Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Scars are challenging to treat, and patients are increasingly interested in non-invasive treatment options. Although few human clinical studies have been reported, vitamin D may be beneficial as an adjunct therapy to current treatment options. J Drugs Dermatol. 2020;19(7): doi:10.36849/JDD.2020.4986. PMID: 32721140 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
ConclusionsSubbrow lift utilizing the frontalis muscle attachment to the lower flap orbicularis muscle is a novel method of correcting upper eyelid skin hooding. The technique does not rely on periosteal fixation. Therefore, the eyebrow gliding plane is not violated. Thus, the natural eyebrow movement is maintained. There were no cases of injury to the deep branch of the supraorbital nerve, poor wound healing, or other significant complications.Level of Evidence IVThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to t...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research
Dermatology
Source: Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
This study aims to compare mRNA expression between irradiated and non-irradiated keloid-derived primary cells by RNA-Seq. In this study, keloid-derived primary cells that were isolated from patients, and then divided into three groups and each group had four repeats. The first group of cells was treated without radiation, the second group of cells were received 4 Gy delivered in 2-Gy fractions once per day over 2 days and the third group of cells were received 8 Gy delivered in 2-Gy fractions once per day over 4 days.The last two groups of cells were irradiated at a fixed rate of 1.15 Gy/min using an X-ray linear accelerat...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
AbstractBotulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) is a powerful neurotoxin that inhibits acetylcholine release from presynaptic vesicles. The potency and safety profile of BoNTA grant the toxin vast therapeutic potential. It has been used off-label for a variety of dermatologic conditions. This review aims to analyze published literature regarding the benefits and risks of the off-label use of BoNTA beyond facial lines, including eccrine hidrocystomas, enlarged pores, keloids and hypertrophic scars, hidradenitis suppurativa, hyperhidrosis, masseter muscle hypertrophy, and salivary gland hypertrophy, among others. A MEDLINE search fro...
Source: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
This study aimed to verify the suppressive effect of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors on the formation of hypertrophic scars or keloids using real world data from the National Database of Health Insurance Claims and Specific Health Checkups of Japan. It is a retrospective cohort study, and data were extracted from the National Database between April of 2013 and March of 2015. Patients who underwent median sternotomy were included in the study based on their claimed surgical codes. Subjects who were prescribed dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors constituted the treatment group; subjects who were not prescribed or administere...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research
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