The narrow road to the indigenous rotavirus vaccine

BK DasIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2015 33(2):203-204
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research

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In this study we have characterized the whole genomes of five RVA strains (PAK56, PAK419, PAK585, PAK622, and PAK663) using the Illumina HiSeq platform. The strains PAK56 and PAK622 exhibited a typical Wa-like genotype constellation (G9-P[8]-I1-R1-C1-M1-A1-N1-T1-E1-H1 and G3-P[8]-I1-R1-C1-M1-A1-N1-T1-E1-H1, respectively), whereas PAK419, PAK585, and PAK663 exhibited distinct DS-1-like genotype constellations (G3P[4]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N2-T1-E2-H2, G1P[8]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N2-T2-E2-H2, and G3P[4]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N2-T2-E2-H2, respectively). Despite their DS-1-like genotype constellation, strain PAK585 possessed the typical Wa-like G...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 12Author(s): Frédéric Debellut, Andrew Clark, Clint Pecenka, Jacqueline Tate, Ranju Baral, Colin Sanderson, Umesh Parashar, Laura Kallen, Deborah AtherlySummaryBackgroundPrevious studies have found rotavirus vaccination to be highly cost-effective in low-income countries. However, updated evidence is now available for several inputs (ie, rotavirus disease mortality rates, rotavirus age distributions, vaccine timeliness, and vaccine efficacy by duration of follow-up), new rotavirus vaccines have entered the market, vaccine prices ...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to estimate the impact of this intervention on vaccine availability. METHODS: Monthly stock-out data were collected from paper registers at facilities, an Excel-based system at districts, and the new system (TImR) across all 924 health facilities in Arusha, Tanga and Kilimanjaro Regions. Six months of stockout rates pre- and post-introduction, by antigen, were compared via a two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). A mixed-effects logistic regression model with the TImR data identified predictors of vaccine availability across antigens. FINDINGS: Post-introduction, ANOVA models estimat...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
zevic Human noroviruses (NoVs) are a genetically diverse, constantly evolving group of viruses. Here, we studied the effect of NoV pre-existing immunity on the success of NoV vaccinations with genetically close and distant genotypes. A sequential immunization as an alternative approach to multivalent NoV virus-like particles (VLPs) vaccine was investigated. Mice were immunized with NoV GI.3, GII.4-1999, GII.17, and GII.4 Sydney as monovalent VLPs or as a single tetravalent mixture combined with rotavirus VP6-protein. Sequentially immunized mice were primed with a trivalent vaccine candidate (GI.3 + GII.4-1999 + VP6) an...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract Donor assistance for immunization has remained resilient with increased resource mobilization efforts in recent years to achieve current global coverage targets. As a result, more countries continue to introduce new vaccines while optimizing coverage for traditional vaccines. Gavi the Vaccine Alliance has been at the forefront of immunization support specifically among low and middle income countries, alongside other channels of development assistance which continue to play a vital role in immunization. Using available recipient country level data from 1996 to 2016, we estimate the impact of Gavi support ...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
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Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of methods we applied have different strengths that allow us to identify common signatures of rotavirus vaccine impact. PMID: 31672333 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Abstract Endorsed by the World Health Assembly in 2012, the Global Vaccine Action Plan 2011-2020 (GVAP) (1) calls on all countries to reach ≥90% national coverage with all vaccines in the country's national immunization schedule by 2020. Building on previous analyses (2) and using the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) global vaccination coverage estimates as of 2018, this report presents global, regional, and national vaccination coverage estimates and trends, including vaccination dropout rates. According to these estimates, global coverage with the first dose of dipht...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Although immune checkpoint–targeted therapies are currently revolutionizing cancer care, only a minority of patients develop durable objective responses to anti–PD-1, PD-L1, and CTLA-4 therapy. Therefore, new therapeutic interventions are needed to increase the immunogenicity of tumors and overcome the resistance to these immunotherapies. Oncolytic properties of common viruses can be exploited for the priming of antitumor immunity, and such oncolytic viruses are currently in active clinical development in combination with immune checkpoint–targeted therapies. However, the routine implementation of these t...
Source: Science Translational Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research
In this study, a shuttle vector was constructed for the spore surface display of the spike protein VP8* from porcine rotavirus (the genotype was G5P[7]). A successful display of the CotB-VP8* fusion protein on the spore surface was confirmed by Western blot and immunofluorescence microscopy analysis. The capacity for immune response generated after immunization with the recombinant strain was evaluated in a mouse model. The intestinal fecal IgA and serum IgG were detected by enzyme-linked-immunosorbent serologic assay (ELISA). Importantly, recombinant strain spores could elicit strong specific mucosal and humoral immune re...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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