Discovery of a potent and selective proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC) degrader of NSD3 histone methyltransferase

Eur J Med Chem. 2022 Jun 13;239:114528. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114528. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNuclear receptor binding SET domain protein 3 (NSD3) is an attractive potential target in the therapy for human cancers. Herein, we report the discovery of a series of small-molecule NSD3 degraders based on the proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC) strategy. The represented compound 8 induces NSD3 degradation with DC50 values of 1.43 and 0.94 μM in NCI-H1703 and A549 lung cancer cells, respectively, and shows selectivity over two other NSD proteins. 8 reduces histone H3 lysine 36 methylation and induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in lung cancer cells. Moreover, the RNA sequencing and immunohistochemistry assays showed that 8 downregulates NSD3-associated gene expression. Significantly, 8, but not 1 (a reported NSD3-PWWP antagonist) could inhibit the cell growth of NCI-H1703 and A549 cells. A single administration of 8 effectively decreases the NSD3 protein level in lung cancer xenograft models. Therefore, this study demonstrated that inducing NSD3 degradation is a more effective approach inhibiting the function of NSD3 than blocking the NSD3-PWWP domain, which may provide a potential therapeutic approach for lung cancer.PMID:35717870 | DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114528
Source: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research