Parasternal After Cardiac Surgery (PACS): a prospective, randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial study protocol for evaluating a continuous bilateral parasternal block with lidocaine after open cardiac surgery through sternotomy

This study aims to determine whether a continuous bilateral parasternal block with lidocaine, which is a short-acting local anaesthetic that has a favourable safety/toxicity profile, results in effective analgesia. We hypothesise that a 72-hour continuous parasternal block with 0.5% lidocaine at a rate of 7 ml/hour on each side provides effective analgesia and reduces opioid requirement. We will evaluate whether recovery is enhanced.MethodsIn a prospective, randomised, double-blinded manner, 45 patients will receive a continuous parasternal block with either 0.5% lidocaine or saline. The primary endpoint is cumulated intravenous morphine by patient-controlled analgesia at 72 hours. Secondary end-points include the following: (1) the cumulated numerical rating scale (NRS) score recorded three times daily at 72 hours; (2) the cumulated NRS score after two deep breaths three times daily at 72 hours; (3) the NRS score at rest and after two deep breaths at 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after surgery; (4) oxycodone requirement at 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after surgery; (5) Quality of Recovery-15 score preoperatively compared with that at 24, 48 and 72 hours, and at 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after surgery; (6) preoperative peak expiratory flow compared with postoperative daily values for 3 days; and (7) serum concentrations of interleukin-6 and lidocaine at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours postoperatively compared with preoperative values.DiscussionAdequate analgesia is important for quality of care and vital ...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials