Discovery of novel 2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-ones as dual PDE4/AChE inhibitors with more potency against neuroinflammation for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease

In this study, twenty-eight novel 2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-ones were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as catechol ether-based dual PDE4/AChE inhibitors to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD). Among these compounds, 12C bearing a 2-(piperidin-1-yl)ethoxy group at the 6-position of indanone ring displayed satisfactory inhibitory activities and selectivity against AChE (IC50 = 0.28 μM) and PDE4D (IC50 = 1.88 μM). Compared with donepezil, 12C revealed a comparable neuroprotective effect. Moreover, 12C exhibited comparable AChE inhibitory activity with donepezil in the hippocampus of AD model mice. Interestingly, 12C displayed more potent anti-neuroinflammation than the donepezil and drug combination (donepezil + rolipram) groups. These results suggest that 12C is a promising multifunctional agent for the treatment of AD.PMID:35689855 | DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114503
Source: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research